Meta-analysis of probiotics for the prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhea and the treatment of Clostridium difficile disease. Comment in Am J Gastroenterol.
This surpassed the previous record set in by more thancases and marked the fourth consecutive year of sharp increases in these sexually transmitted diseases STDs. Gonorrhea diagnoses increased 67 percent overall fromtocases according to preliminary data and nearly doubled among men fromtoIncreases in diagnoses among women — and the speed with which they are increasing — are also concerning, with cases going up for the third year in a row fromtoPrimary and secondary syphilis diagnoses increased 76 percent from 17, to 30, cases.
Gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men MSM made up almost 70 percent of primary and secondary syphilis cases where the gender of the sex partner is known in Primary and secondary syphilis are the most infectious stages of the disease.
Chlamydia remained the most common condition reported to CDC. Prior studies suggest a range of factors may contribute to STD increases, including socioeconomic factors like poverty, stigma, and discrimination; and drug use.
Continued concerns about antibiotic resistant gonorrhea The threat of untreatable gonorrhea persists in the United States, and reports of antibiotic resistant gonorrhea abroad have only reinforced those concerns.
Over the years, gonorrhea has become resistant to nearly every class of antibiotics used to treat it, except to ceftriaxone, the only remaining highly effective antibiotic to treat gonorrhea in the United States.
InCDC began recommending health care providers prescribe a single shot of ceftriaxone accompanied by an oral dose of azithromycin to people diagnosed with gonorrhea.
Azithromycin was added to help delay the development of resistance to ceftriaxone. Emerging resistance to ceftriaxone has not been seen since the dual therapy approach was implemented, and there has not yet been a confirmed treatment failure in the United States when using this recommended therapy.
New CDC findings released today, however, show that emerging resistance to azithromycin is now on the rise in laboratory testing — with the portion of samples that showed emerging resistance to azithromycin increasing from 1 percent in to more than 4 percent in The finding adds concerns that azithromycin-resistant genes in some gonorrhea could crossover into strains of gonorrhea with reduced susceptibility to ceftriaxone — and that a strain of gonorrhea may someday surface that does not respond to ceftriaxone.
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