Those on the front-line of safeguarding, such as social workers, teachers, the police and healthcare professionals are often the most important in spotting the signs of abuse and neglect, and being able to offer protection and safety. Without the correct safeguarding training, a front-line professional could potentially miss the signs and fail to protect a child. The findings of serious case reviews demonstrate clearly that a lack of correct, up-to-date, quality training has led to failures in child protection.
This chapter reviews the foundations for the development of child abuse and neglect law and policy and describes the current environment of laws and policies related to child abuse and neglect at both the federal and state levels.
Also discussed is the evaluation and analysis of these laws and policies.
Related research needs are detailed as well. Policy change in the child protection arena frequently has resulted from a synergistic set of factors: Thus, for example, it was these factors that led to federal legislative policy reform making voluntary home visiting more widely available through Section of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
This Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting Program is designed to strengthen and improve related programs and activities, improve coordination of services for at-risk communities, and identify and provide evidence-based home visiting programs that can improve outcomes for families residing in at-risk communities.
Regulations and protocols are typical results of the process of implementing laws at the state and local levels. Examples are the recommendations for policy reform issued in the early to mids by the U.
Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect. Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect,p.
Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect, focuses on the broad federal government response to child abuse and neglect. Included as well are four pages of recommendations for improving federally supported research and evaluation related to child abuse and neglect.
Advisory Board on Child Abuse and Neglect,again addresses federal research policy, calling on federal agencies to subject federally supported child protection activities to rigorous evaluation; calling on the National Institute of Mental Health to solicit research aimed at clarifying the relationships among social support, culture, and child abuse and neglect; and urging that federally supported research also assess children's, parents', neighbors', and workers' own experiences of the context in which child abuse and neglect occurs and their perceptions of systemic responses to the problem.
At its core, the debate around the development of laws and policies to help prevent child abuse and neglect involves questions of public value Pecora et al. It also involves trade-offs entailed in law making between public benefit and private interests.
What is the balance between children's fundamental right to be safe and parents' right to raise their children as they see fit? Should the government's role be to offer families, on a voluntary basis, services related to the protection of their children, or to force families to accept services they could construe as unwanted government intrusion into family life?
How can policy promote fairness in child protective interventions, recognizing, for example, that some families come from different cultures whose practices may not coincide with what is covered by child protection laws? What is the appropriate balance between the due process rights of parents not to have child abuse or neglect case records preserved by child protection agencies in cases that are very old or in which a report of abuse or neglect was not substantiated and the authority of states to maintain appropriate central registries of child abuse and neglect case-related data that might later be used as part of child protection efforts?
The development of child abuse and neglect laws and policies should include the application of reason, evidence, and an evaluative framework to such decisions Pecora et al. The application of reason refers to public discourse by practitioners, advocates, researchers, and legislators Pecora et al.
The evidence for passing laws and changing public policy is derived from a variety of sources, some explicitly guided by research and scientific evidence and others reflecting social consensus about legitimate government activity.
For example, even though research evidence suggests that lengthy incarceration for acts of violence is not always necessary for community safety, it is widely supported by citizens because of the societal functions of punishment for wrongdoing and justice for victims.
The evaluative framework for child abuse and neglect laws and policies lies with the ability to anticipate and deal with a series of predictable problems that occur as a result of the laws' and policies' implementation. Research helps answer questions when those answers are critical to effective implementation.
Is banning the behavior targeted in legislation, such as certain forms of corporal punishment that are most likely to cause serious injury to a child, likely to reduce the rate of child abuse and neglect-related fatalities?Child welfare is a field of practice that the public most readily identifies as a social work domain, yet less than 30 percent of child welfare workers have professional social work degrees (BSW or MSW).
Case Studies A day in the life of an Advanced Social Work Practitioner By Katie Pemberton I’m an Advanced Practitioner working with children and families who are experiencing difficulties or living chaotic lives and need the help and support of Children’s Services.
Case studies; Videos; Social work jobs ; Our CSWM login Our CSWM A complex case with the best possible outcome. I first became involved with the family when the children became part of Child Protection Plans in April when I became the allocated key social worker.
Prior to this, the case had been worked by the then Duty and Assessment. the CPS case data, allegations were more likely to be judged credible when police also investigated and families were also more likely to receive various services. Social Work in Child Protection. Page | 2 December (AASW) ‘Scope of Social Work Practice in Child Protection’ document provides an overview of the role, scope, contribution and evidence-base range of roles including direct case work, management and policy.
No other professional. The case studies provide first person narratives giving the perspective of each adult and child. Accompanying videos to these case studies are available on our YouTube channel.